Dit artikel is geschreven door Yoram Lubling, de kleinzoon van Moshe Lubling. Binnenkort vindt u hier op Go2War2.nl ook een vertaling van dit artikel.
Moshe Lubling , The Spiritual Leader of the Treblinka Revolt
Moshe Y. Lubling was born in 1902 in the town of Wolbrom in Upper Silesia, Poland, to Rachel and Mendel Lubling. At the start of WWII he resided in the town of Sosnowiec where he served as the chairman of Ha-Oved, Poali-Zion Yamin and The League for working Eretz-Yisrael Zionist organizations. When the Nazis invaded Poland in November of 1939, he escaped Sosnowiec with his wife Zelda-Fisch; 12 year-old daughter Ester; and 15 year-old son Pinchas. First they attempted to escape to the Soviet Union but were caught by the advancing Nazi forces and returned to Sosnowiec.
However, the Nazis started to arrest leaders of socialist and Zionist organizations in Sosnowiec and in early December of 1939 he arrived with his family at the Large Ghetto in Czestochowa, Poland. Penniless, Moshe and his son Pinchas started to work as slave laborers, taking the place of rich Jews who paid the Judenrate (Jewish Council) to be relived of forced labor. Seeing the injustice in this practice, Moshe Y. Lubling organized the estimated 8000 slave laborers and created the Workers’ Council in Czestochowa (the only such institution under Nazi occupation). The Council negotiated better conditions for the slave workers and regularly confronted the Judenrate and the Gestapo which led to his frequent arrests by the Jewish police.
In 1941, Moshe Y. Lubling organized the 8000 slave workers to go on a hunger strike in protest of the unjust activities of the Judenrate. In a 1958 article by Tzvi Rozenvayn (a member of the Workers’ Council, a Gordonian Zionist, and a member of the Czestochowa Resistance Organization) he described Moshe Y. Lubling as the “unforgettable” chairman of the Workers’ Council and quoted him saying to the workers that “the only thing we can lose is our lives.” The strike resulted in increased pay for the workers, the establishment of public kitchens, and additional bread for the workers’ families. In the same year, through his contacts with the Polish Popular Army Underground Organization, Moshe Y. Lubling received the information that the Nazis are starting to destroy whole Jewish communities in the Soviet Union. He immediately called upon the Jews of Czestochowa to take-up arms against the Nazis and die fighting, but the failure to secure weapons made the uprising impossible. Soon after that, representatives of other militant Zionist organizations and intellectuals joined the Workers’ Council and the latter started to function as the Jewish Resistance Organization in Czestochowa under Moshe Y. Lubling.