The name of Hans Frank is irrevocably tied to the crimes which have been committed by the Nazi regime in the so called Generalgovernment, the part of Poland that enveloped the largest part of Polen that was taken by the Germans in 1939. The area was not annexed by Germany but placed under German civil administration headed by Frank. Frank was a lawyer who was fiercely dedicated to the National socialist cause, before and during World War Two. Prior to the outbreak of the war, Frank was the leading Nazi lawyer and the most prominent theoretician and policy maker in the field of the theory of law within the Third Reich.
As Generalgovernor he earned the nickname "butcher of Poland". He was the executor of the German occupation policy in the area in which he exerted his administrative powers. Initially, the Generalgovernment was to serve as a reservation for Poles and a pool of large numbers of forced labourers. The region was systematically robbed clean and was the stage for mass murder on a scale hitherto unheard of. Under Frankís administration, hundreds of thousands of Poles were murdered, their belongings confiscated and about one million Polish labourers were deported to Germany for the benefit of the armaments industry. Apart from that, he organised the removal of the Polish Jews to the ghettos in the run up to the Holocaust.