Himmler, Heinrich

Young Himmler

Inhoudsopgave

Heinrich Himmler was born October 7th, 1900 in Munich, second son of the catholic director of a school, Gebhard Himmler and his wife Anna. He was named after his godfather, the Bavarian Prince Heinrich von Wittelsbach. As it was, the wealthy Himmler family had a good relationship with the Bavarian court. His conservative parents raised him in a very stern catholic and nationalistic fashion.

Himmler had a poor health, just like Goebbels (Bio Goebbels). He was frequently absent from school but compensated for his physical weakness by studying hard. He graduated from secondary grammar school in Landshut with top marks in history, ancient languages and religion. At the outbreak of World War One, young Himmler dreamt of a military career. He desperately wanted to become a naval officer but was rejected for his nearsightedness. The general rule was that people wearing glasses were not accepted by the navy. Therefor he reported to the army and was posted as cornet in 11th Bavarian Regiment. He was never deployed at the front, however. After he had graduated from officer’s course, the war had ended.

After the war, he went on to study agriculture at the Technical High School in Munich, graduating on August 1st, 1922. Himmler was an inconspicuous, rather shy young man who did not associate well with his contemporaries. In an attempt to being accepted more, he joined a number of associations, including the student association Apollo and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Züchtungskunde (German Association for Breeding Science). In 1919, like many other soldiers, he joined one of the numerous paramilitary Free Corpses. These corpses engaged in opposition against the Treaty of Versailles and the threat of Bolshevism. For their badge, they often chose the deathhead, the traditional badge of the elite units of the Prussian cavalry. Strangely enough, these Free Corpses defended for a time the government they despised. The socialist Ebert government was being threatened by the Spartacus revolution. Germany appeared to be heading in the same direction as the Soviet Union. To counter this revolution, the government called on the Free Corpses for protection. After the suppresion of the Spartacus revolts, the Weimar government abandoned the Free Corpses. One man however would stand up for them. That man was Adolf Hitler (Bio Hitler) who took his first steps in the political arena in Munich, not by coincidence as Munich was a national centre of opposition. The Free Corpses, of which Himmler was a member also, were to form the base of the later shocktroops of Hitler, the SA and the SS.

After his studies, Himmler was employed by the fertilizerworks Stickstoff-Land in Schleissheim. In the summer of 1923, Himmler joined the N.S.D.A.P. During the Munich putsch, under command of Ernst Röhm and with his brother, he took part in the occupation of the Ministry of War. The putsch failed and Hitler and many others including Ernst Röhm, were imprisoned. In 1925, the N.S.D.A.P. and the SA were founded anew. Himmler, who had been working for Georg Strasser (an important NS politician) in the meantime, rose to deputy Gauleiter (regional partyleader) of Niederbayern-Oberpfalz. Up until 1930 he was deputy chief of statepropaganda and in 1927, he was appointed deputy Reichsführer-SS.

Definitielijst

cavalry
Originally the designation for mounted troops. During World War 2 the term was used for armoured units. Main tasks are reconnaissance, attack and support of infantry.
front
Largest Soviet ground formation. It was attached to a certain area which gave its name to the units involved. For instance the Voronezh front.
Gauleiter
Leader and representative of the NSDAP of a Gau.
putsch
Coup, often involving the use of violence.
Regiment
Part of a division. A division divided into a number of regiments. In the army traditionally the name of the major organised unit of one type of weapon.
revolution
Usually sudden and violent reversal of existing (political) the political set-up and situations.
Soviet Union
Soviet Russia, alternative name for the USSR.

Pagina navigatie

Afbeeldingen


Heinrich Himmler (1900-1945): To be more than to seem more


Himmler as flag bearer during the occupation of the Ministry of War

Informatie

Translated by:
Arnold Palthe
Article by:
Gerd Van der Auwera
Published on:
19-12-2015
Last edit on:
25-07-2017
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